The procedure of scaling and root planing is the most widely used treatment options for curing periodontal disease. It is largely done by the periodontists at the early stage of the gum disease or mild gingivitis because this procedure helps to keep the gums healthy and stronger.
Sometimes, the method of scaling and root planing proves very much effective in doing essential preparation for the dentists before starting a required surgical treatment. Generally, the professional dentists suggest the patients to keep proper oral hygiene to keep their gums free from recession but at times it won’t work for the patients. Thus, they have to go through this treatment to maintain their gums firm.
Need Of Scaling And Root Planing
In the removal of dental plaque or tartar, the procedure of scaling and root planing becomes intrinsic for the patients of gum disorder. It assists them to clean calculus from surfaces of the tooth, which is the part of a gum disease treatment.
The gums often get irritated and infected if they are not cleaned adequately and thus, they become loose from their place to the tooth and the problem of gum recession is generated. Due to this, periodontal pockets are generated between the space of the gums and teeth, which further gather plaque and calculus. Therefore, scaling and root planning procedure comes as necessary means of removing those pockets from the surface.
Goals Of Scaling And Root Planing
The process of scaling and root planing treats the severe dental problem called gum recession. Therefore, while performing this treatment, the dentists set certain goals for themselves. Some of them are:
Removal Of Tartar
If we don’t perform tooth brushing or flossing on constant basis, then certain calculus or tartar and plaque are accumulated between the surface of the teeth and gums. However, the calculus is not itself so harmful to our gums but the plaque bacteria, which surround it, is very detrimental for our soft gum tissue.
In the absence of improper treatment on immediate basis, the bacteria can further cause severe periodontal disease in our gums and ultimately damaged the supporting bone to the tooth. Thus, the primary objective of scaling and root planing is to eliminate the tartar from the surface.
Placing The Antibiotics
With the effective procedure of scaling and root planing, the specialized dentists are able to place the antibiotics or other required medicines in the periodontal pockets.
They practice this method to break the development of bacteria in the pockets, which further prevents the gums to be disordered. However, few of the professional dentists are skeptical about this practice but it can certainly prevent gum disease up to some extent.
Smoothness Of Root Surface
When so much tartar and plaque is accumulated in the periodontal pockets, then the chance of gum disease increases because the surface cannot remain plaque free. With the intention of preventing the surface, the dentists use the procedure of scaling and root planing as it helps to shatter the growth of bacteria by smoothing the tooth surface. Furthermore, this process helps to create ideal atmosphere for the soft tissue to be shriveled and treated.