Tooth discoloration is a problem faced by many people. Stained teeth are especially embarrassing for the young as it ruins the look whenever one smiles. So it is very important that the sparkle in the teeth is there when you give the perfect smile.
Now, if you do have stained teeth, what is there to do? The answer is removing the stain from the discolored teeth. There are number of treatments available for removing discoloration and your dentist can tell you which will be right for you. Here are some ways by which you can prevent or treat discolored teeth.
Treatment Options For Tooth Discoloration
Diet And Habits
First thing to take care of is diet and habits. Stains to teeth are caused by various types of food and beverages. Moreover, tobacco is one of the main causes of stains and both chewing tobacco and smoking should be avoided to prevent staining.
Brushing the teeth regularly does not only prevent tooth decay, it also helps to keep the stain and bay and protect the teeth from discoloration. Toothpaste containing dentifrices, or substances that helps clean natural tooth, should be used for the effect. These days some of the tooth pastes even contain special tooth whitening agents.
Professional Tooth Cleaning
If the above two methods fail to prevent discoloration of teeth then the next step is to approach your dentist. These days various methods of cleaning the stained teeth are available with the professionals.
They can use regular rotary polishing, air jet polishing or even ultrasonic polishing for the job. But the word of warning is that all these methods actually work by very lightly removing the stained layer of the enamel and that means regular use of these methods will actually harm the teeth.
Enamel Micro Abrasion
If the stain is only superficial in nature then one method used is enamel micro abrasion. In this method a water soluble paste consisting of weak hydrochloric acid and silicon carbide is used for rotary polishing the teeth. You can get a smooth and glazed surface of the teeth after this procedure.
Bleaching the teeth is another common treatment of tooth discoloration. It is probably the oldest technique used for teeth whitening. The technique has developed into one of the easiest, safest and cheapest methods of tooth whitening.
However, this method is generally not used for treatment of discoloration of primary teeth. Commonly used bleaching agents are hydrogen peroxide and carbamide. The concentration of the agents depends on the amount of discoloration.
If the teeth are heavily discolored then the person will need professional cleaning as the high concentration of agent needed to clean the teeth can harm the soft tissue and only the professional can do it without the side effects.
However, if the discoloration is not that serious your dentist can prescribe home bleaching with low concentration of the whitening agents. Sometimes both methods are used.
However, it is advised not to go for home bleaching without the guidance of professionals as unregulated dosage can harm the gums and other oral tissues. Other methods of whitening include whitening strips and whitening toothpastes.
In whitening strips a polyethylene strip containing low concentration of hydrogen peroxide is used. It is good for maintaining previously bleached teeth.
The whitening toothpastes contain miniscule amounts of hydrogen peroxide and are only good for keeping out discoloration of normally healthy white teeth.