Dental hygienists are the dental professionals who possess the specialization in preventive oral health and focusing on latest techniques in oral hygiene. These professionals offer three types of treatments to the patients.
First, they provide preventive services to develop and maintain good health; second, providing educational services to the patients in related to the importance of better oral health; and third, providing therapeutic services to end teeth diseases and keep healthy tissues in the mouth. Therefore, the role of dental hygienists is very crucial as these specialists have the responsibility of cleaning teeth and teach patients for several oral diseases such as gingivitis and many more.
Services Of Dental Hygienists
As mentioned earlier, the function of a dental hygienist is exceedingly essential because they perform various kinds of services. Their foremost work is to handle patient screening procedures like assessment of oral health conditions, oral cancer screening, head and neck inspection and analysis of oral history. They also remove calculus and plaque from the entire surfaces of the teeth and apply preventive materials to the teeth.
The dental hygienists take and develop dental radiographs i.e. x-rays to monitor the oral health of the patient. In addition, they do the task of counseling patients about what the good nutrition is and what the impact of it on the oral health. Be an adjunct to the dentist, the dental hygienist also prepares documents and performs office management activities.
Common Procedures For Dental Hygienists
While taking care of the patients, the dental hygienists use various kinds of common procedures such as:
Prophylaxis or preventive medicine or preventive care is comprised of different measures that are being utilized for preventing teeth diseases instead of curing them or treating their symptoms. There are number of levels of prophylaxis such as primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary prevention.
The dental hygienists suggest various forms of preventive medicine like hand washing, immunizations and breastfeeding. It may also include testing and screening of the patient’s age, health and family history.
Scaling And Root Planning
Scaling and root planning is the procedure of removing the etiologic agents like dental plaque and calculus. This process is also referred to as the conventional periodontal therapy, non-surgical periodontal therapy or deep cleaning.
The dental hygienists use the treatment of scaling and root planning to create a periodontium, which is free of disease. It also eliminates the causes and products of plaque and calculus.
Advice For Proper Oral Hygiene
The dental hygienists also perform the treatment of oral hygiene. It is the procedure of maintaining the mouth and teeth clean to avert several forms of dental problems particularly the dental cavities, gingivitis and bad breath. Beside that, oral hygiene is also used for caring some oral pathologic conditions in which good oral hygiene is needed for healing and regeneration of the oral tissues.
Furthermore, the procedure of oral hygiene embraces various treatments such as cleaning of teeth, tongue cleaning, gum care, oral irrigation; giving suggestions to the patients in related to beneficial foods and harmful foods; and treating multiple dental diseases that are generated from smoking and chewing tobacco.