Gum infections can be treated by both medications and surgical procedures in advanced stages. The treatment will depend on the stage of the disease. Here is a list of treatments that you can go for if you are scared of the surgical ones.
Treatments For Gum Infection
A Professional Dental Clean up of Your Gums
You must make it a point to visit your dentist once in six months. You need to visit the dentist every three months to get a professional form of oral cleaning. Your dentist will work on the plaque or tartar that gets accumulated on your tooth surface and becomes hard. It is difficult to get rid of plaque formation at home using a tooth brush as it becomes very hard and you cannot reach the deep areas of your teeth using a common tooth brush.
Scaling Of The Gums And Root Planing
This is done under the action of a local anesthetic. Here the dentist will remove the plaque or the tartar from your gums both above and below by scraping it also known as scaling.
If you have any rough spot on your tooth it is smoothened by root planning. This helps to remove the bacteria that causes it and also makes you feel good as you get a set of beautiful shiny teeth.
Maintain A Good Oral Hygiene
You must maintain a good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth for 2-3 minutes twice in a day and if possible after every meal. Make sure to use a tooth paste that has Fluoride in its composition as it helps in preventing tooth decay. Floss your teeth regularly with a mouth wash that has Chlorhexidine or hexetidine. Pregnant women or nursing mothers must not use mouth wash that contains Chlorhexidine. One particular habit you need to abstain from is smoking.
Though antibiotics are not very effective in treating Gingivitis you can take Metronidazole or Amoxicillin for treating it. However you need to be careful with people who are allergic to penicillin and must not suggest Amoxicillin for them. Do not take Metronidazole if you consume alcohol. Also Metronidazole and amoxicillin can lead to symptoms of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. So be careful while taking these drugs. You can use painkillers such as Paracetamol and ibuprofen which again should be taken under the prescription of a physician only.
Surgical treatments are needed if your dentist feels that the tissue or the gum around the teeth cannot be treated with non surgical treatments.
In this procedure the bone that has been destroyed by the gum disease will be replaced by fragments from the bone of the patient or from a donated bone.
This grafting procedure would help in the re growth of the bone that would restore stability to the teeth. Latest techniques such as Tissue Engineering will enable your body to regenerate the bone and the tissue on its own.
Through bone surgery the small craters that are formed in your teeth because of the advanced form of gum infection is smoothened. After the flap surgery the tooth bone is given a new shape to reduce the craters and prevent bacteria from growing there.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
In this technique a mesh like fabric gets inserted between your gum tissue and the bone. This stimulates the bone tissue to re grow in the area. It is performed in combination with the flap surgery.