Periodontal disease is the circumstance in which gums, tissue and bone around a tooth becomes infected. It is caused by overgrowth of bacteria in the oral cavity. Such bacteria results in development of plaque on teeth. Such disease may result in formation of deep pockets beneath the gums. These deep pockets often make the residual bacterial plaque unreachable.
If these plaques are not removed the pockets will be deepened and resulting in further loss of bone support. Periodontal surgery to remove gum and bone over teeth has to be executed in order to avert such a situation. Periodontal flap surgery is an example of a periodontal surgical procedure which removes plaque and reshapes the tissues. This increases the access for brushing and flossing which will prevent such problems in future. This article is an overview of periodontal surgery to remove gum and bone over teeth.
Various Periodontal Surgery To Remove Gum And Bone Over Teeth
Procedure Of Flap Surgery
Local anesthesia is used before execution of the periodontal flap surgery. The gums are folded back temporarily in order to remove the plaque and calculus.
The next step is to reshape the tissues followed by stitching it back to the root. Periodontal dressing is sometimes performed. Bone grafts or tissue regeneration may be necessary in some cases.
When a person is diagnosed with dental problem caused by dental plaque, immediate periodontal surgery is generally not recommended by a dental surgeon. Instead the person has to undergo certain initial therapy which includes oral hygiene instructions, deep cleaning and scaling.
In cases where the cavity is more than 5mm surgical procedures become necessary in order to remove the bacterial deposit. In some cases removal of bacteria is possible by performing a bacteriological testing. This may be done either by direct application of medicine on the affected area or through proper antibiotic treatment.
Post Surgery Condition
Most of the patients are able to perform their everyday normal activities after periodontal surgery to remove gum and bone over teeth has been done. Certain post surgery instructions provided to the patient should be followed strictly. Sutures will be removed after about ten to twelve days. Soft foods should be consumed during this period.
Hot food or drinks should be avoided. It is advisable to consume ice cream throughout the day after completion of the periodontal surgery.
Some Common Side Effects
The periodontal surgery may have various side effects. The patient should be aware of such side effects beforehand. Temporary increase in tooth sensitivity to cold is a major immediate side effect of periodontal surgery.
Other signs of side effects may include swelling of the jaw, bleeding of gum and slight loosening of the teeth. Intake of bisphosphonate drugs may increase the risk of bone healing complications.
Benefits Of Periodontal Surgery
The meticulous and sophisticated periodontal surgical techniques of recent times allow a periodontal surgeon to regenerate and reconstruct tissues. The procedures are less risky. The application of local anesthesia before periodontal surgery of recent times results in a totally painless surgery.
Post surgical problems are very few. The patient will face minimum discomfort and little bleeding at the time of surgery as well as post surgery. Periodontal surgery deals with good amount of scientific techniques. These surgical methods are efficient enough to cure the dental problems permanently.