Pediatric dental procedures are a common practice in dental health care industry. As per the data provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, approximately 20% of preschool kids suffer from tooth decay; the statistics grow to nearly 50% by the age of 5 and about 86% till adolescence. Posted below are the common pediatric dental procedures performed by dental care specialists.
Common Pediatric Dental Procedures
The pediatric dental cleaning procedure also known as Oral Prophylaxis relieves the early symptoms of gingivitis and gum ailments.
Gingivitis is a very prevalent dental condition in children and the cleaning procedure helps to eliminate and prevent any symptom or problem. The procedure is usually recommended twice in a year.
Fluoride is a common constituent in most toothpastes and mouthwashes. Fluoride application helps reverse the damage in the tooth and strengthens the tooth enamel. The procedure is known as remineralization. The application is usually carried out in two different ways, the paint-on or the tray method.
The pulp works like a store room for the tooth. It contains blood vessels, nerves, reparative cells and connective tissue. The pulp therapy procedure is contemplated by the dentists due to cavities or injuries and is generally performed for the conservation of the afflicted tooth.
The Pulp Therapy procedure includes removal of the affected tissue followed by the placement of an antiseptic agent to soothe the nerves and to prevent infection. In most cases, the stainless steel crown completes the procedure
The tooth extraction in children is carried out due to various symptoms and conditions. Cavities, infection, crowding, orthodontic preparation are the usual causes.
The sealants are placed to seal any gaps or fissures in the pre molar and molar teeth in children. The sealants form a thin guard over existing pits or gaps and prevent the formation of plaque. The dental procedure provides a strong barrier against cavities.
Preventive Resin Restoration (PRR)
The procedure removes the decay that may have already set in the tooth. The preventive resin restoration guards the tooth against further decaying and helps in cavity restoration. The dental function is almost identical to the sealant procedure.
The procedure also called as an Early Orthodontic Evaluation is required to retain the place for the permanent tooth. The loss of tooth in children may cause a shift or slide of the adjacent tooth into the open space. Moreover; the complimentary tooth in the other jaw may also affect the gap. These shifts reduce the space for the upcoming tooth which may result in permanent asymmetric and crooked teeth.
Space maintainers are metal provisions which are custom designed to fit in the mouth. The maintainers help prevent the existing teeth from shifting or tilting in the vacant space, hence preserving a proper place for a permanent tooth.
Stainless Steel Crown
Stainless steel crown is used for the recovery of the tooth damaged by excessive cavity or trauma. The crown is usually placed after a dental filling is ruled out due to the extent of the damage. The stainless steel crown has ample options to maintain the aesthetics of the front teeth.
Pediatric dental procedures are essential for the proper development and overall health of the teeth in children. The different procedures maybe required at different phases of childhood up until the adolescence. The need is to recognize the symptoms and avail the requisite treatment in consultation with a qualified dental practitioner.