It is very common that during pregnancy the woman undergoes lots of hormonal changes in her body. These hormonal changes trigger swelling of the gums usually referred to as Gingivitis. A study says that more than fifty percent women are likely to suffer from Gingivitis during their pregnancy period.
Gingivitis commonly seen in pregnant women are gum inflammation, red colored gums, sensitive gums that bleed when brushing,etc.
Why Does Gingivitis Occur?
A study has confirmed that due to the hormonal changes, fifty to seventy percent of women experience the problem of gingivitis at least once during their course of pregnancy. During the initial phase of gingivitis the gums gets swollen up due to the presence of bacteria and it would get ruptured while brushing, resulting in bleeding.
This would necessarily damage the gums, but cannot cause any damage to the bone or the tooth itself. Generally it is attributed that plaque is the common cause for gum diseases but during pregnancy it is the hormonal changes that triggers gum diseases.
When Does This Occur?
The pregnant women get gingivitis problem generally through their second to eighth month of pregnancy. The common symptoms are the gum turning red and they start bleeding during the brushing time. Then you can find swelling in the gum area and regular bleeding from the gum tissues.
Some studies have proved that gingivitis can lead to premature birth too. It states that the mothers with chronic and severe gum diseases deliver premature babies at 32 weeks. American Dental Association’s Journal published that the mothers with gum disorders have seven times more chances of delivering premature baby.
How To Prevent Gingivitis?
The common tips to prevent the gingivitis problem is – Brushing your teeth regularly after each meal and especially after eating sweets or having sugar drinks, use soft and suitable brush to ensure that the cleaning is carried out perfectly, compulsorily cultivate the habit of flossing at least once a day, consult your general physician.
if needed take the advice from your dentist also regarding the best antibacterial mouth wash that would suit your health condition to be used, ensure that if the teeth needs professional cleaning fix an appointment with dentist and get it done at once. It is the most important task during pregnancy as you are preventing the chances of you getting affected by gingivitis.
In addition, the pregnant women are prone to pregnancy tumors also. Pregnancy tumors are a lump inside the mouth generally appearing on the upper part of the gums with red colored tip. They usually bleed and crust gets formed.
Due to this you, may find eating and speaking very difficult. It generally occurs to 10% of the pregnant women and the women who had the gingivitis problem are more prone to it. These tumors cause terrible irritation especially while eating food. They generally disappear after the birth of the child.
If the tumor is preventing you from eating your food, then consult your dentist immediately who would perform a small procedure to remove it. Dentist would administer local anesthesia and remove the tumor, but, it is found that they do reappear.
If the frequency is higher usually the dentist may get into the details of why it is occurring and treat you for the agents that were causing these tumors.