A smile is the most beautiful ornament to beautify the face. This is incomplete with a beautiful set of teeth. The teeth may get caries, get decayed and have other problems due to lack of dental hygiene, hereditary factors etc.
Dental specialists like Periodontal dentists, orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, endodontists, prosthodontists etc. are equipped and qualified to give different types of treatments to the teeth as per the requirements to restore the beautiful smile. Let us know about some important treatments for the teeth.
Treatments For The Teeth
A crown is a dental restoration in the form of a tooth shaped cap placed over the tooth or dental implant. A tooth is covered by a crown to restore its shape, size or strength or to improve the appearance of a discoloured or disfigured tooth.
A crown holds the parts of a cracked tooth in place covering the visible portion of the tooth above the gum line. Crowns are made of metals, alloys of gold, palladium, nickel, chromium, porcelain fused to metal or of ceramic. Empress Crowns (leucite-reinforced glass ceramic crowns) are made of porcelain fused to alumina.
Root Canal Treatment
A Root Canal Treatment or Endodontic therapy is the removal of nerve tissues, blood vessels and other cellular entities which are in the root canal and the pulp chamber which form the hollow of the tooth. Done when future infection is inevitable in a decayed and cracking tooth, Pulpectomy, that is the removal of the pulp tissue prevents further infection.
The nerve is then removed with a long needle shaped instrument known as File. After this the root canal and the chamber is decontaminated and filled with inert materials and sealed. The filling used is gutta percha a natural radio opaque polymer. It is advisable to fit the tooth with crown after this.
Dental Filling is the most common type of dental treatment which is used to repair a hole in the tooth caused by decay. It is used to restore the morphology and function of the tooth. It is made from a mixture of metals like mercury, silver, tin, copper and zinc.
The tooth is prepared for placement of restorative material and then it is filled either by permanent filling or in some cases by temporary filling. When permanent filling cannot be filled after the tooth is prepared by removing the decayed part then permanent filling is put.
Dental Braces are devices used to align, straighten and correct the position of the teeth and also used with other orthodontic appliances. They are used in cases of improper bites, crooked teeth and dental problems which can be rectified with changing the alignment of teeth.
The stainless steel metal wire braces are the most common ones used with titanium at times. There are Clear braces which are not visible against the color of the teeth and there are Lingual Braces cemented onto the backside of the teeth which are not visible at all.
The braces exert a mild constant pressure on the teeth moving them into the required position while stretching and compressing the periodontal membrane on opposite sides. A bone remodeling process occurs which loosens the tooth and new bone grows to support the tooth in its new position. Braces are used for approximately two and a half years with adjustments made after three to four weeks.
A Dental Veneer (porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminate) is a thin layer of tooth coloured materials put over the tooth. Veneers improve the appearance of a discoloured tooth or protect a tooth with surface damage. Veneers may correct unaesthetic gaps in one or more front teeth.
There are two types of materials used in veneers namely Composite and Dental porcelain. Composite veneer require less tooth structure and may be place directly or fabricated. Porcelain veneers are fabricated and require more visits but, they are long lasting.