General Dentistry deals with the day to day dental problems. But, there can be dental problems which can be more challenging than toothache due to caries.
To deal with such problems we have specialized dental studies which depend on the different types of dentistry practiced for example Pediatric Dentistry, Periodontal Dentistry, Types of Oral or Maxillofacial Dentistry, Endodontic, Prosthodontic Dentistry and Orthodontics Dentistry. In this topic we will know about Orthodontic Dentistry.
The word Orthodontics also known as orthodontia is derived from the Greek words “orthos” meaning perfect or straight and odous which means” tooth”. Though orthodontics as a science of its own did not exist until the year 1880, Orthodontic Dentistry was the first recognized specialty in dentistry.
Many inventors can be credited in making braces and writing about orthodontics. But, the first classification system for malocclusions can be credited to Edward H. Angle who started the first school of orthodontics in the year 1901.
What Is Orthodontic Dentistry?
This is a specialty of dentistry which deals with the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tooth and facial irregularities and/or disproportionate jaw conditions which may result in conditions like malocclusions (improper bites), missing teeth, extra teeth, misaligned teeth or crooked teeth.
A dentist has to undergo a specialized full time study of about two to four years to qualify as an orthodontist after acquiring the dental degree.
Tasks Of A Dentist Specialising In Orthodontic Dentistry
A dentist specialising in orthodontic dentistry that is an orthodontist, identifies the extent of malocclusion, teeth displacement or other dentofacial deformity. The planning for treatment is made bearing in mind the diagnosis and the kind of rectification required. Then the designing and placement of corrective aids like retainers and braces is done by an orthodontist.
The teeth are aligned in relation to the surrounding soft tissues. Braces can be fixed type of braces, which are removed at the end of the full treatment or of a removable type which can be put back immediately after eating and cleaning and then kept on a continuous basis. At the end of the treatment proper bite and correction of dental displacement should be achieved.
When orthodontic deals with the rectification and control of facial growth it is known as Dentofacial Orthopedics. In some cases like that of accident etc., the reconstruction of the whole face is required to be undertaken by an orthodontist whereas the appearance of the teeth may also be improved only for aesthetic reasons.
Time Taken For Treatments In Orthodontic Dentistry
Orthodontic treatment may take any amount of time ranging from a few months at an early stage or upto two to three years. In childhood when the growth is an ongoing process orthodontal treatment gives better results as compared to the later stages when it takes more time to correct the conditions.
Since there is a chance of the teeth not staying aligned even after the orthodontic treatments, orthodontists advise periodic retainer wear even after the completion of the treatment.
Importance Of Orthodontic Dentistry
Orthodontic Dentistry plays an important role in helping the patient to maintain an overall dental health as cleaning the teeth is easier. Straight teeth have fewer changes of decaying and getting periodontal disease.
When the teeth are properly aligned chewing of food is done properly and thereby digestion is improved. Besides the appearance, speech is improved noticeably, which increases confidence.