An endodontic surgery is one which the endodontist recommends after he deduces that a root canal procedure will not be enough to save your tooth. An endodontic surgery will be advised in case of an undetected, hidden canal or to locate small fractures. When certain tooth conditions cannot be treated with the help of conventional therapy, an endodontist will recommend this procedure.
The damaged and infected root surfaces and the neighbouring may also be treated with the help of this surgery. To get the desired results, there are different types of treatments and endodontic surgery procedures recommended by an endodontist. Some common procedures and treatments are as follows.
Various Endodontic Surgery Procedures
Root Canal Procedures
The root canal procedure is prescribed to many patients who have severe tooth pain. Most of the time, this severe pain is caused by a soft tissue called the pulp, found under the white enamel portion of the teeth and the dentin. The dentin is a hard layer. The pulp contains a network of blood vessels, nerves, and tissues.
It houses the root of our tooth. When the pulp becomes infected, that is when the dentists recommend a root canal procedure. Even after the pulp has been removed, adult teeth can survive, as they get the required nutrition from the neighbouring tissues.
Intense Endodontic Procedures
Out of so many endodontic surgery procedures, another one worth mentioning is the endodontic retreatment. A root canal treatment is not the only way out in case of dental complications. Even the teeth that have not undergone any procedure, can last till death. But, if a tooth has been treated in the past, but has not healed properly, you can go for an endodontic surgery, as a second option.
Even if the tooth develops new problems, this retreatment is a safe option. A tooth may not heal due to many factors as the delay of placement of the crown or other restorative surgeries after endodontic surgery, new decay in the root canal filling leading to contamination, and salivary contamination inside the tooth etc.
Dental Implant Procedures
There is nothing like your natural tooth, and if with certain procedures you can save your natural tooth, you should always opt for it. But in other cases, there are always dental implants to fall back on.
It is an artificial tooth which is placed in the jaw, to support the replaced tooth or the crown in place. It takes the shape of the root and because it is made of titanium, it suits the human body. They have been for long and can support dentures too.
Endodontic Surgical Procedures
Also known as apicoectomy or root-end resection, this surgery is aimed at saving damaged root surfaces of teeth through surgery. In this kind of surgery, the damaged or inflamed tissue is removed along with the tip of the infected root. The root canal is then filled with a root end filling to stop reinfection. After the completion of the surgery the bone is left to heal for a few months.
Procedures For Traumatic Dental Injuries
Traumatic dental injuries can occur during sports activities or accidents. The most common form of these injuries is chipped teeth. Other dental injuries like dislodged teeth or knocked out teeth are also seen commonly in accidents. The treatment therefore, depends on the type, location and gravity of the injury.
Only a thorough dental exam, can ascertain the extent of damage to the affected teeth or the surrounding ones as well Such surgeries are often done by experienced endodontists who are able to save the tooth/teeth most of the time.
The discussion on endodontic surgery procedures can be taken forward by an endodontist, who can answer all your queries about the type of treatment, the special care needed or not, and the reason you might need such a surgery etc. But the main idea here is to try and salvage the natural teeth given to you by Nature.