Oral dental surgeons or oral maxillofacial surgeons treat injuries, aesthetics, defects and conditions of the mouth, jaws, teeth and face. Oral maxillofacial surgeons deal with patients who are suffering from problems like wisdom tooth partial emergence, causing pain; facial pain and wrong alignment of the jaws.
Other than these, oral maxillofacial surgeons also attend to patients who have encountered accident and have suffered a facial injury. They offer correction of the injury through facial reconstructive and dental implant surgery. These surgeons also treat patients suffering from tumors or cysts in the jaws and also deal with the aesthetic conditions of the maxillofacial areas.
Various Duties Of An Oral Maxillofacial Surgeon
Oral dental surgeons in collaboration with restorative dentists are also involved in treating patients with dental implants. These surgeons use dental implants to replace missing teeth.
Oral maxillofacial surgeons, for using dental implants, also reconstruct bones in the oral area, wherever needed to place the implants; modify the gum tissues around the implants to make the implanted teeth look more real and natural.
Removal Of Diseased Teeth Or Impacted Teeth
Oral maxillofacial surgeons remove teeth that are infected or diseased, impacted, damaged and teeth that can no longer be restored. These surgeons are expert in oral anaesthesia and they offer both intravenous and general anaesthesia.
Oral maxillofacial surgeons attend to patients who have undergone an accident and suffered from facial injury or facial trauma. Oral maxillofacial surgeons treat facial injuries or trauma by repairing both minor and complicated facial cuts and lacerations and they set fractured jaws and dislocated or affected facial bones.
Oral maxillofacial surgeons also reconnect facial nerves and ducts that might have been severed or might have suffered an injury or trauma in the accident. The procedures related to facial injury or trauma include care of the jaws, cheeks, eye sockets, nasal bones and forehead.
Pathology And Facial Pain Diagnosis
Oral maxillofacial surgeons also deal with oral pathological conditions of patients. These surgeons treat patients suffering from a cyst or tumors in the oral or facial area, by removing the cysts or the tumors. The surgeons also deal with complicated and serious infections oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws. Oral maxillofacial surgeons also possess skills to diagnose and treat facial pain problems including the ones due to TMJ problem or Temporomanibular Joint problems.
Cosmetic Surgery, Reconstruction And Bite Correction
Oral dental surgeons correct oral and facial problems that have been caused due to a previous trauma or pathological removal. These surgeons’ correct problems related to jaw, bones and soft tissues of the face. These surgeries by the oral maxillofacial surgeons, for restoration of form and functionality, include grafting, that is, removing skin, nerves and bones from other areas of the body and using them to reconstruct jaws and face.
The oral maxillofacial surgeons also use the same skill to perform cosmetic surgeries to remove unwanted skin features. Oral maxillofacial surgeons usually with an orthodontist also work to correct the bite functions by reconstructing and realigning both the jaws into proper positions of dental and facial areas.