We know that whenever we suffer from dental problems like tooth ache, cavities, teeth cleaning we have to visit a dentist. Dental problems can be much more complicated than these at times.
But there are specializations in this field which can be pursued by a dental professional after the general dental education and which enable a dentist to solve such further dental problems.
Types Of Dentistry
Dentistry is a mammoth field involving prevention, treatment and diagnosis of not only the oral cavity but also the maxillofacial and other areas surrounding it. The treatment may involve surgical procedures as well. Based on the specialties required to deal with certain dental problems we can have the following type of dentistry.
General dentistry deals with diagnosis and treatment of dental problems which are not very complicated.
When we have minor dental problems, we visit a dentist practicing General dentistry. Based on the severity of our problem, he may recommend or we may have to seek specialized type of dentists.
Pediatric Dentistry (Pedodontist)
Pediatric dentistry deals with the treatments required for infants, children and adolescents. Dealing with the oral health of adults falls into a different category as compared to children. Sometimes specialized preventive treatments followed with therapy work are required for children which are dealt by pediatric dentists.
Periodontal dentists specialize in the diseases of the gum and areas which support the structure of the tooth like Gingivitis, periodontics and recession.
Gum restructuring, dental implants and maintenance of the ability to function of these structures is also done by them.
An orthodontist focuses on the diagnosis, preventing, and corrections of teeth placement and other problems. The need, designing and placement of corrective aids like retainers, braces etc and facilitating proper bite and alignment is also taken care of by an orthodontist. Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics deals with the neuromuscular and skeletal abnormalities of orofacial structures.
Oral Or Maxillofacial Surgeon
Maxillofacial surgeons diagnose and treat conditions of jaw, neck, head, face related to the mouth. Since they are surgeons and dentists they undertake surgical treatments involving aesthetic rectification in case of cleft, palate surgeries, TMJ treatments, facial injuries, etc.
Oral And Maxillofacial Pathology
Oral and maxillofacial pathology is a specialty of dental type which involves pathology. Diseases of the oral and maxillofacial regions are taken care of by dentists of this type. A lot of research and diagnosis is involved in this specialty.
Oral And Maxillofacial Radiology
In Oral and maxillofacial radiology images of oral, neck and face are taken and used to diagnose and treat oral diseases.
The radiological aids such as CT sans, orthopantomograms etc, are used for detecting and treating various oral diseases and underlying health issues.
Endodontic is the type of dentistry which concentrates on problems occurring beneath the tooth enamel in the pulp, blood vessels and nerves of the teeth. These dentists specialize in root canal treatment. Oral or facial pain causes are also detected by an endodontic.
This specialty deals with missing teeth conditions. Diagnosis, treatment and maintenance of the missing teeth cases involve a specialization in reconstructive dentistry and also rehabilitation of oral functions.