Infection of mouth, throat, jaw and face is called dental abscess. Dental abscess starts with tooth infection that is caused by poor dental health. Autoimmune disorders and underlying health conditions also cause dental abscess. Pain, redness in mouth, swelling, nausea, chills, fever and vomiting are common symptoms of dental abscess. There are two major types of dental abscess – periapical abscess and periodontal abscess.
How to Treat Dental Abscess
Causes of Dental Abscess
Dental abscess is caused by direct bacterial growth into the mouth’s soft tissues from tooth cavities. It then spreads to face and neck tissues as well as bones. Periapical abscess is caused by plaque bacteria that infect the teeth mainly due to presence of dental caries. These dental caries erode the tooth enamel and dentine and hence reach the pulp.
This results in death of dental pulp and infection of the pulp chamber. The bacteria then reaches the surrounding alveolar bone and causes periapical abscess. On the other hand, periodontal abscess is the result of bacterial infection in the gums. Periodontal abscess causes the gum to swell and become red thereby separating the tooth from its base.
Treatment for Dental Abscess
The primary step towards the treatment of dental abscess is its proper diagnosis. For that matter, dentists use X-rays that show the small abscesses in mouth that form deep within the mouth. The only way to completely treat dental abscess is to drain the pus out of it. If the abscess ruptures all by itself, it is well and good.
Otherwise, one has to visit a dentist for the same. Dentists cut the abscess and let the pus drain out. This treatment is followed up by antibiotics. In case the abscess spreads further to neck area, it will be drained out in operating room.
Medications and Surgery for Dental Abscess
Symptoms of dental abscess such as pain can be relieved by anti-inflammatory non-steroidal medicines such as naproxen, celecoxeb, ketoprofen and ibuprofen. These medications only relieve the pain caused by dental abscess.
Antibiotics are given to treat dental abscess infection. Some common antibiotics prescribed by dentist are penicillin, clindamycin, azithromycin, metronidazole, cefotoxin, amoxicillin, etc. In severe cases, the dentist may also suggest root canalling and tooth extraction to prevent further damage to nearby healthy tissues.
Home Remedies for Dental Abscess
One should rinse the mouth with warm water in case dental abscess ruptures all by itself. Warm-water rinses will not only cleanse the mouth but also drain the infection. Add a teaspoonful of salt into the lukewarm water. Warm water relaxes tooth cavity and salt treats the abscess with its antiseptic properties. However, one should immediately visit the dentist once pain is relieved by warm water.
This home remedy relieves extreme pain and swelling caused by dental abscess.
Prepare a cold compress by placing a pack of ice wrapped in cloth over your cheek where it pains. This home-made cold compress will relieve the pain and swelling caused by dental abscess. Let the compress stay for 20 minutes and repeat the procedure many times.
Baking soda helps in puncturing the tooth abscess. Mix baking soda with salt and dip a cotton swab in it. Wipe the gum line with this treated cotton swab and press the abscessed tooth.
Take a dry teabag and sprinkle a pinch of salt on it. Place this treated teabag besides the decayed tooth. Let it stay for 2 hours. It would withdraw the infection.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil mouthwash is a well-known remedy for dental abscess. Rinsing the mouth with it for 5 to 10 minutes every day would disinfect the area.
Clove oil is anesthetic and relieves extreme pain associated with dental abscess. You can directly chew a clove instead.
It is an antiviral and antibacterial agent and helps relieve tooth abscess symptoms.
Having strong antibacterial properties, garlic relieves symptoms of dental abscess effectively.
Tooth infection is caused by weak immune system. Probiotics is the sure shot way to keep good bacteria and drive away bad bacteria. Antibiotics kill good bacteria as well. Hence, probiotics should be consumed to maintain the balance.
Dental Abscess Prevention
Dental abscesses can be prevented by maintaining proper oral hygiene. One should customarily brush the teeth twice daily and follow it up with floss. However, people with frequent issues of dental abscess should be in constant touch with dentists. One should not neglect even the slightest symptom of tooth decay. At the same time, one should stay away from any form of tobacco.
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