The problem of recessed gums is a common dental disorder that can further invite severe tooth problems. However, recognition of gum recession is very difficult to realize because it processes so slowly; moreover, it requires appropriate treatment as it can damage our gums badly. Recessing the gums occurs when the edge of the gum tissue, in the surroundings of the teeth, goes away to leave the tooth or tooth root exposed.
In fact, recessed gums are assumed as the initial stage of gum disease. When our gums are recessed, pockets or gaps are formed between the teeth and gum surface that can cause bacteria to grow on that area. If we don’t cure this problem, then it can sternly damage our gum tissue and bone structures.
Causes Of Recessed Gums
Recessed gums in our mouth clear that we have a gum disease for quite some time. There are several aspects which contribute in the growth of gum recession in our mouth. Some of these are:
The most common factor in bringing the recessed gums in our mouth is the periodontal disease. During this dental disorder, several bacterial gum infections destroy the gum tissue as well as the supporting bone of the teeth. Periodontal disease generates pockets or gaps between the space of gums and teeth in which plaque or debris is accumulated, which become the cause of loss of our jaw bone and tooth.
Use Of Hard Tooth Brush
Recessed gums are also the outcome of the use of hard tooth brush or forceful tooth brushing. Using hard tooth brush can badly affect the gum tissue or can completely damage it. Besides that, brushing the teeth so aggressively or also in a wrong way can expose the dentin and subsequently create sensitivity in the teeth.
Bad Oral Hygiene
Some of the professional dentists also suggest that bad oral hygiene can create the problem of recessed gums. Inappropriate tooth brushing and flossing can generate bacteria in our mouth through which dental plaque or tartar is accumulated, which brings the severe dental problems such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
Treatment Of Recessed Gums
There are several treatment options available for recessed gums as suggested by the professional dentists. Few of them are being explained below.
Maintaining Good Oral Hygiene
As we have discussed earlier that poor oral hygiene is one of the causes of recessed gums. Thus, maintaining good dental care at the home is extremely important in order to treat this problem. We should do proper tooth brushing and flossing on daily basis to avoid plaque accumulation in our mouth and to take care our gum tissue. But sometimes brushing and flossing won’t work for us and thus we should visit the specialist to have an appropriate treatment of recessed gums.
The problem of recessed gums can be eliminated through various non-surgical methods. However, the use of such dental techniques by the professional dentists largely depend upon the condition of the patient’s teeth. The non-surgical procedures to cure gum recession may include the utilization of toothpastes with fluoride ingredient, desensitizing agents like gels & resins, the process of scaling & root planning and healing of tooth crushing.
If the problem of recessed gums cannot be treated with proper oral hygiene or non-surgical techniques, then the dentists would suggest patients to go through surgical methods.
The most common procedure in this regard is the gum graft surgery. It is also known as soft tissue graft in which the dentists restore the lost or damaged gum tissue, coat the sensitive roots and further prevent recessed gums.