The dentists perform the endodontic therapy when the pulp or soft inner tissue of a tooth gets infected. This dental treatment is also popularly known as Root Canal therapy. The patients, who are receiving this treatment, won’t face any pain during the therapy as it is quite comfortable for them.
The main functions of the root canal therapy are opening the tooth, eradicate damaged pulp tissue, sterilizing, cleaning, filling and eventually, sealing the root canals. Perhaps, the biggest advantage of endodontic therapy is that the tooth remains active even after the completion of the treatment.
Need Of Endodontic Therapy
Endodontic therapy is an essential part of dental treatment as it cures a tooth of a patient from severe diseases. If you have a pain or swelling on your tooth or your soft tissue has been damaged, then your professional dentist will call for an endodontic treatment.
An infection in the pulp can cause rigorous problems such as deep tooth decay, a crack in the tooth and flawed fillings. In order to treat you from these teeth diseases, the endodontist will do step-by-step root canal treatment, which is mentioned below.
Procedure Of Endodontic Therapy
In this era of high technology, the endodontic therapy has become more advanced. Thus, the specialists use these procedures to perform this therapy to cure the teeth of the patients:
Placement Of Rubber Dam
To start the procedure of endodontic treatment, the specialist analyses the condition of the damaged tooth through x-rays and after the assessment, he starts numbing the tooth of the patient.
Once the tooth becomes insensitive, the endodontist locates a tiny protective sheet, which is described as rubber dam, above the area of the damaged tooth with the purpose of separating and maintaining it clean from the saliva.
Making A Hole To Initiate the Treatment
After examining the condition of the damaged tooth and the placement of rubber dam is completed, the endodontist makes a hole through the surface of the patient’s tooth to its pulp chamber for starting the endodontic treatment. The hole allows the specialist to reach at the tooth’s nerve space and all his work will be done through this cavity.
For the back teeth, the hole is created directly to the tooth’s chewing surface but the cavity is done on the rear side for the front teeth. With the help of this hole, the specialist can also remove any kind of tooth decay.
Shaping The Root Canals
The endodontic therapy goes forward with shaping the tooth’s root canals. The endodontist cleans the inside part, the pulp chamber and its each root canals, of the tooth and then shape it accordingly
Generally, the cleaning and shaping of the tooth are done with root canals files, which help the tooth to remain isolated from bacteria, nerve tissue and debris.
Sealing Of The Root Canals
After cleaning and shaping the tooth’s root canals, the endodontist starts sealing the root canals through various filling material that consists of a rubber composite. The component is placed by the specialist at the inside part of the tooth to block in and to seal that cleaned area on the surface of the tooth. Thereafter, the endodontist places the temporary filling to close the hole, which has been earlier created, with the intention of saving the work that just has been done.